Health is a guarantee for personal well-being and social, economic and political development and stability. Serious threats to it can destabilize societies, states and regions and jeopardize peace, so global health risks have long been a subject of security-related thought. The present study takes a prescient look at two developments. The first is that of the risk of pandemics, with a focus on the increasing resistance of pathogens; the second is that of the chances for improving global health care. The study’s final section briefly looks at three health-related matters to think about for the Bundeswehr.